Classification is always one of the most difficult aspects of Adaptive Sports to understand for new athletes, parents and coaches (and many veteran ones as well). This page is by no means comprehensive in terms of explaining the classification system and process but provides excellent basic information. The link below will take you to a page that provides a breakdown of the classification system.
Classificationprovides a structure for competition among athletes with disabilities. Athletes competing in Adaptive Sports USA sports all have been identified with an impairment that limits neuromuscular, motor, sensory or cognitive functioning. The nature of these impairments is such that diverse functioning levels could lead to situations that provide either a competitive advantage or disadvantage within specific events. A system has been developed over time that is designed to evaluate and assess the gross motor, fine motor, strength, sensory and cognitive functioning levels and limitations within each athlete in order to provide a level field of competition for all athletes. These evaluations are conducted by trained, certified regional, national and International Paralympic Committee (IPC) classifiers, who go through years of challenging training and certification. Classification determines an athlete's eligibility to compete in Adaptive Sports USA events and also places those eligible athletes into sport classes according to the activity limitation in a certain sport. Although not a perfect science, classification provides a mechanism that addresses the vast and varied aspects of impairment in order to provide fair competition.